"MAYDAY vs PAN PAN" Why do pilots use these CALLS? Explained by CAPTAIN JOE


  • Am Vor 26 Tage

    Captain JoeCaptain Joe

    Dauer: 13:23

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    Dear friends and followers welcome back to my channel and to a great video about the famous MAYDAY and PAN PAN call.
    We´ll be looking at why and when pilots use these calls.
    First off the definition of MAYDAY:
    Mayday is an emergency procedure word used internationally as a distress signal in voice-procedure radio communications.
    It is used to signal a life-threatening emergency primarily by aviators and mariners, but in some countries local organizations such as firefighters, police forces, and transportation organizations also use the term. The call is always given three times in a row ("Mayday mayday mayday") to prevent its being mistaken for some similar-sounding phrase under noisy conditions, and to distinguish an actual mayday call from a message about a mayday call.
    The "mayday" procedure word was originated in 1923, by a senior radio officer at Croydon Airport in London. The officer, Frederick Stanley Mockford, was asked to think of a word that would indicate distress and would easily be understood by all pilots and ground staff in an emergency. Since much of the traffic at the time was between Croydon and Le Bourget Airport in Paris, he proposed the expression "mayday" from the French m'aider ('help me'), a shortened form of venez m'aider ('come and help me').It is unrelated to the holiday May Day.
    Before the voice call "mayday", SOS was the Morse code equivalent of the mayday call. In 1927, the International Radiotelegraph Convention of Washington adopted the voice call mayday as the radiotelephone distress call in place of the SOS radiotelegraph (Morse code) call.
    PAN PAN call definition:
    The radiotelephony message PAN-PAN is the international standard urgency signal that someone aboard a boat, ship, aircraft, or other vehicle uses to declare that they have a situation that is urgent, but for the time being, does not pose an immediate danger to anyone's life or to the vessel itself. This is referred to as a state of urgency. This is distinct from a mayday call (distress signal), which means that there is an imminent danger to life or to the continued viability of the vessel itself Radioing pan-pan informs potential rescuers (including emergency services and other craft in the area) that an urgent problem exists, whereas mayday calls on them to drop all other activities and immediately begin a rescue.
    The exact representation of PAN-PAN in Morse code is the urgency signal XXX, which was first defined by the International Radiotelegraph Convention of 1927.
    But see more in the video on how they are being used accordingly!
    Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this video!
    Wishing you all the best!
    Your "Captain" Joe
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    Mayday Call  Mayday aviation  Pan Pan call  Captain Joe  Captain Joe flying  Difference Mayday Pan pan  Emergency  Distress Call  air crash investigation  mayday communication  mayday ATC  air traffic control  how to declare emergency  pilot  crash  accidents  aviate navigate communicate  kennedy steve  VASaviation  fort dodger  why people say mayday  What does SOS mean  What does SOS stand for  may day  pilot facts  aviation facts  zfnhva  tech  

Shane Fernandes
Shane Fernandes

What about "securite"?

Vor 7 Stunden
Usama Khurshid
Usama Khurshid

Hey captain. Can you do a video about the headings pilots use like turn right on 050. What does that mean?

Vor 19 Stunden
Sensation4Aviation
Sensation4Aviation

Captain Joe have you ever had a close to emergency situation in your career?

Vor Tag
Chad Watson
Chad Watson

Good breakdown of the topic!

Vor Tag
Angelo Bernales
Angelo Bernales

Los subtitulos en español estan incompletos :"v

Vor Tag
readysteadygo
readysteadygo

5:42 That fire engine is coming all the way from San Francisco? Might take a while...

Vor Tag
Pietro Roccaforte
Pietro Roccaforte

Hi joe, I'm preparing my self for the famous DLR in Hamburg and aside the installment they sent me, I have no idea what that will be; do you have any suggestion or recommendation? Something about the MIC maybe? Many thanks in advance and good luck with your work. -Can you guys please like this comment just to let him read it?

Vor 2 Tage
AlaskaErik
AlaskaErik

Why does Captain Joe wear First Officer epaulets?

Vor 2 Tage
Adventureguy
Adventureguy

Hey Joe Can I use the word mayday mayday mayday On boats and ships as well Please let me know Thank you P.S i love all your videos and my dream was to be a pilot but flying flight simulators and lirn good stuff if one day a pilot ore copilot need help in copit for help that i know what is what

Vor 2 Tage
Daniel Laverty
Daniel Laverty

I love your little tips on everything. It makes everything easier to understand.

Vor 2 Tage
Roman B
Roman B

You can't be a little bit pregnant. It is either an emergency (mayday) or not. Thus the pan-pan call is goofy and unnecessary.

Vor 2 Tage
Drone Pilot Switzerland
Drone Pilot Switzerland

👍

Vor 2 Tage
Mr. VW O' Day
Mr. VW O' Day

We call out PAN PAN when one of our drunk crew picks up a butter face girl A real nice body for sin She is a real flat faced girl like you find in Thailand or Vietnam or the P.I.

Vor 3 Tage
pranav garud
pranav garud

If Sully used reverse thrust just before birds hit, then would the birds be pushed away from the engines? Is it the same with all the airliners??this question does not let me sleep....

Vor 3 Tage
Gaming KING
Gaming KING

Captain Joe, would a turboprop flame out the same as a turbine engine aircraft if it had a bird strike or not?

Vor 3 Tage
Kamachnikov
Kamachnikov

When I say PAN PAN PAN (In spanish) is when I awake up and feel hungry! XD

Vor 4 Tage
mrArchduke
mrArchduke

Idiots with lasers piss me off royally.

Vor 5 Tage
Geetha Raman
Geetha Raman

Respected pilot sir, Can u explain about the push back of the plane & why it is so?

Vor 5 Tage
f4cphantom2
f4cphantom2

PAN PAN if you enjoy the love of a man... MAYDAY if you're not gay...

Vor 5 Tage
Lord Dash Donald Dappington
Lord Dash Donald Dappington

"We need something to say when we're in distress, but it can't be "help", what do you suggest?" "What if we said help..." "Uhuh" "But in *french*" "Genius"

Vor 6 Tage
Powder
Powder

they picked mayday so the french can understand it .. NATO - OTAN xD

Vor 6 Tage
brocanova
brocanova

Hi Joe, I hope your fellow pilots are well after the incident in Kuala Lumpur. My question is: why didn’t they radio Mayday?

Vor 6 Tage
Vinny Bottitta
Vinny Bottitta

I live in New York not far from JFK years ago when the SST used to take off we used to watch it and listen on the scanner they used to call it speedbird why are all British Airways aircraft called speedbird now

Vor 6 Tage
Wesley Alth
Wesley Alth

When to use Mayday- when shit has not only but is also on fire

Vor 7 Tage
tsirhc
tsirhc

Awesome video Captain Joe!!! Anyone know the name of the background music?

Vor 7 Tage
Dorothy Gale
Dorothy Gale

It only takes two things to fly, air speed and money.

Vor 7 Tage
Squad Fam
Squad Fam

why do you have slo mo guys noises in the background?

Vor 7 Tage
Psiberzerker
Psiberzerker

M'aidez. Nobody radios "Beltaine!" when they're going down. That's a joke.

Vor 7 Tage
mayur gaikwad
mayur gaikwad

Thanks captain joe

Vor 7 Tage
WillN2Go1
WillN2Go1

12:00 That super-cool pilot with the Texas draw, might not actually be from Texas. Tom Wolfe in the Right Stuff spends a couple of pages talking about how pilots and astronauts developed or adopted this very laid back accent. As a sea kayaker I've twice called the Coast Guard and said, "I think I'd like to declare an emergency" (I have no idea if this is any conventional form) and got the answer, "Do you have an emergency or not?" One time I responded, "It'll be an emergency in about 30 minutes...." I was going to explain... but, I think it was pretty clear. Thanks for this video. I guess I should find out what the expected form is for reporting situations at sea.

Vor 7 Tage
Sen GamingYT
Sen GamingYT

Where did u get that mayday it weeks ago

Vor 7 Tage
Amber Blyledge
Amber Blyledge

It is illegal to point lasers into the sky. At least in America.

Vor 8 Tage
Valentín Rodríguez
Valentín Rodríguez

In mexico is simpler, you just say: AH LA VERGA YA MERO VALÍA VERGA LA VERGA

Vor 8 Tage
أبوسيف
أبوسيف

Captain joe you are near to one million I hope to be your friend i am engine specialist

Vor 8 Tage
Frank Upton
Frank Upton

The usual French for "help me" would be "aidez-moi", wouldn't it?

Vor 8 Tage
Heystraw
Heystraw

Outstanding.  Videos like this is why we need the internet.

Vor 8 Tage
Astrid W
Astrid W

Hey Joe, I was wondering, what does a pilot do when the landing gear doesn't work and (s)he finds out when already in the air?

Vor 8 Tage
Zzznorch
Zzznorch

You need to understand these calls to pass the FCC's General Radiotelephone License exam (commercial license).

Vor 9 Tage
Morris Nijland
Morris Nijland

Ams

Vor 9 Tage
definty
definty

Oh fuck, I'm watching this from Croydon haha. Thanks for the fact. Something new to tell my friends when drive past it.

Vor 9 Tage
Evan Schubert
Evan Schubert

Anyone else hear Slowmo Guys music?

Vor 9 Tage
Xiarno
Xiarno

10.55 THANKS YOU for saying that ! Adults always say to not do that, but NEVER says the reason. I think it would help more if they say the reason, because the kid will understand WHY he need to not do that.

Vor 9 Tage
Byron Harano
Byron Harano

Love flying British Airways.

Vor 9 Tage
Paolo G
Paolo G

Luckily they didn't choose February Twilight as a distress call.

Vor 9 Tage
Kills Gaming
Kills Gaming

The pilot got lazered because of the White House i think

Vor 10 Tage
Zinnie988
Zinnie988

Explain the laser thing! How does laser pose problems to aircraft? Concerts , building skyline laser shows all have lasers at supposedly safe intensities/levels.

Vor 10 Tage
Paul McPhie
Paul McPhie

Strictly speaking PAN is to be used when observing others in distress.

Vor 10 Tage
gregory brian
gregory brian

Sometimes, the people communicating sound like they're rapidly speaking another language when they slur so extremely or sound like they're chopping off the end of the phrase or sentence they're speaking.

Vor 10 Tage
gregory brian
gregory brian

"Attitude?"

Vor 10 Tage
TheSkyLounge TV
TheSkyLounge TV

I'm sad that your planes arent swinging on the clear strings anymore bro! =)) And I can't even explain why! -Edson

Vor 10 Tage
sg39g
sg39g

There are errors about the SOS code. The code must be transmitted as a signal and not as a sequence of three letters. This is the code as you show it: ... --- ... This is the right code, without spaces: ... --- ... You made the mistake by displaying the code AND with the sound. I would add a small clarification, the SOS code has not always been a distress call. Before the SOS existed the CQD. SOS has replaced the CQD because it is easier to recognize. ;-) SOS: ...---... CQD: -.-. --.- -..

Vor 10 Tage
Noah Moritz
Noah Moritz

All the emergency words come from French 😆 and you Joe ? Did you already had an emergency situation during your career ?

Vor 10 Tage
Abhishek Chakravarty
Abhishek Chakravarty

Perfect pilot, don't give the credit to BA, they suck.

Vor 10 Tage
Gordon Reiher
Gordon Reiher

He sounds a bit like PC Penhale.

Vor 10 Tage
grumpy old fart
grumpy old fart

Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to flight 666. If you will notice,out the right side, the right engine is on fire. Out the left window, you may notice that the left engine has torn away taking half the wing with it. To your rear, you will see 3 tiny white dots. This is the plot, co pilot, and navigator. However do not become alarmed, I am in complete control of this plane. I am no longer a licensed pilot since my 6th DUI, but I will get us all to the ground momentarily. Would you all unbuckle your seat belts, and move to a window seat. I don't want anyone to miss seeing a crash like this is going to be. Oh yes......drink up, he bourbon is excellent.

Vor 10 Tage
Buck Rogers
Buck Rogers

That's interesting. It's a little different in the maritime community. Mayday was a call from the vessel in distress. Panpan was used by a relaying radio station (US Coast Guard). So a vessel declaring an emergency would call out "Mayday" and the Coast Guard station relaying the emergency would issue a Panpan. Example: Ship in distress: "Mayday mayday mayday, this is motor vessel 'Duck' we are sinking." Coast Guard: "Motor vessel Duck, this is Coast Guard Sector, what is your current position?" Ship in Distress: "Coast Guard, we're at lat and lon." Coast Guard: "How many people do you have on board, put on life jackets, etc etc etc." Coast Guard: "Pan Pan, Pan Pan, Pan Pan, this is US Coast Guard Sector, Motor Vessel Duck is at lat/long." *Passing relevant information of the emergency and requesting nearby vessels to assist.* Then next thing the Coast Guard could declare is "Silence Silence Silence," using the french pronunciation "Seelonce" which means only essential commercial traffic to be used on channel 16 the international hailing and distress channel to be used. Basically radio silence.

Vor 11 Tage
KingMacintosh
KingMacintosh

12:20 "I love the coolness by the Americans" Huh? Not anyone on the West or East coast or from the South. LMAO!!! Maybe perhaps the stereotypical Midwesterner.

Vor 11 Tage
Indy Custom Made
Indy Custom Made

Great stuff. I have learned something new today. Can you please be my pilot when I fly to Europe this year. Please?

Vor 11 Tage
Leonardo Silver
Leonardo Silver

"Captain"Joe? Wishful thinking, that's gonna take you another decade, better change that name to "FirstOfficerJoe" LMAO

Vor 11 Tage
SJActress
SJActress

"An engine failure. What else is new?" -- Judging by the news reports I've kept up with over the past year...this isn't a joke. Something seems to be going on with airplane engines lately. Maybe I've just been getting more reports of it. I don't know; I'm not in aviation. It just concerns me.

Vor 11 Tage
aznbai
aznbai

Thanks for the insights you give. Very interesting for a non-aviator

Vor 11 Tage
Eddie Galon
Eddie Galon

AL-t-tewd

Vor 11 Tage
Amolinia
Amolinia

The laser pointer guys upgraded to drones recently

Vor 11 Tage
Jennifer Parker
Jennifer Parker

did Captain Sully say such "mayday mayday mayday"?

Vor 11 Tage
Stratoleft
Stratoleft

This captain, or whatever, guy, has the nerve to actually create a video called "FACTS you should know about CONCORDE!" Of all the nerve. I wanna see this guy, captain moe, is it? OK. I wanna see this guy, actually operate BEFORE AND ON APPROACH the flight engineers panel on the Concorde. Let's see you start off from New York up to cruise alt., let's say, so you can take a break, and then pick up somewheres past Greenland where you talk to Europe's west ATC center. Where exactly is that again, since you fly transocean routes? I don't know. I'm not a pilot like you are. I have some more questions too.

Vor 11 Tage
Mc Rambro
Mc Rambro

May day it's french you doik mahay day help me.

Vor 11 Tage
Ricky Ostrom
Ricky Ostrom

My engine fell off, so the problem is gone.

Vor 11 Tage
100MPH Selfies
100MPH Selfies

1st time I hear lazer toy bringing down plane by medical emergency. Not the military kinda lazer that literally bring airplanes down.

Vor 11 Tage
Lee Mc Donald
Lee Mc Donald

I'm not a pilot, and I already knew the difference, but it was still a fantastic video. Very well done.

Vor 12 Tage
John Airey
John Airey

The record for MAYDAY-MAYDAY-MAYDAY to a "hard" landing has to be this one - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCK62U6Fob0 - had the Captain not retracted the flaps one notch at the last moment they would probably have gone through the ILS antennas. The book of his story "30 seconds to impact" is well worth reading.

Vor 12 Tage
ZT Ying
ZT Ying

Great lecture, a professional narrative for those who never have a chance to fly a plane, like me.

Vor 12 Tage
Redneck Alien
Redneck Alien

MAYDAY MAYDAY MAYDAY...this is Cactus 1549...we've hit birds

Vor 12 Tage
20ParadigmShift11
20ParadigmShift11

This is such a great YouTube channel that I never knew I needed!

Vor 12 Tage
Zack Rashid
Zack Rashid

Have you ever had a bird strike ?????!!!!!!!!

Vor 12 Tage
Edward Luengo
Edward Luengo

I dont understand why is such a deal if someone points a airplane with the laser

Vor 12 Tage
Mike Crow
Mike Crow

I was on HMCS Vancouver (Port look out when this happened) when we received a Pan Pan from a small charter boat that was taking on water. We just dropped the pick in Port Simpson when the Pan Pan turned into a Mayday. Our CO saw we were close and just after we secured the anchor party, we called them back in. The confused look on the Master Seaman's face was funny, but I shouted down to him about the mayday and he started hollering for his lil bosuns to get the pick up again. By the way, we were able to rescue everyone.

Vor 12 Tage
Fernando Grau
Fernando Grau

mayday mayday mayday pan pan "panini"

Vor 12 Tage
Robin Stevens
Robin Stevens

Would "PAN PAN PAN" be as acceptable as "PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN"?

Vor 12 Tage
A2DJP
A2DJP

Robin Stevens nope, pan-pan is used together.

Vor 12 Tage
Shreenath Nair
Shreenath Nair

Is it possible to upgrade from a panpan to mayday or other way round?

Vor 12 Tage
A2DJP
A2DJP

Shreenath Nair yes you can

Vor 12 Tage
Bo Kvarv
Bo Kvarv

BUT can you use MAY DAY in September?

Vor 13 Tage
ImpaledBerry
ImpaledBerry

SQUAWK 7700

Vor 13 Tage
Revat k k
Revat k k

Needed explanation about push back trucks and its procedure......

Vor 13 Tage
M H Doobs
M H Doobs

Believe you’re gonna die? Declare Plane controllable but unsafe? Declare Answering three of your kids when they ask you how to fry an egg?

Vor 13 Tage
Israel Mejia
Israel Mejia

Love your videos Captain

Vor 13 Tage
Crammy Davis, Jr
Crammy Davis, Jr

Very well done, Joe!

Vor 13 Tage
Bradley Killen
Bradley Killen

Ahh could watch your vids all day, you have great charisma. Appreciate these very valuable bits of education.

Vor 13 Tage
sbentjies
sbentjies

Great video and clarification. Lots of useful information

Vor 13 Tage
Vishvak Kandukuri
Vishvak Kandukuri

Do a video on antonov an225

Vor 13 Tage
gkiltz0
gkiltz0

So his plane has a bad attitude??

Vor 13 Tage
Sternencolonel
Sternencolonel

Funny, Panne is also a german word with the same meaning.

Vor 13 Tage
Dante Alighieri
Dante Alighieri

As an American, I'm rather proud to say I learned where "Mayday" originated from Red Dwarf. ;) As an aside, since the novelty of handheld lasers has pretty much faded, is lasering still a big problem for pilots? My eight year old loves the things but he knows, via the very real threat of "Dadestian Terror", that pointing it at anything other than a wall or floor is dangerous and stupid. (He only plays with them under my supervision anyway.)

Vor 13 Tage
Randomly Entertaining
Randomly Entertaining

That 757 just sucked that bird up like a noodle.

Vor 13 Tage
Christopher U.S. Smith
Christopher U.S. Smith

PAN PAN is also used in maritime alerts, although the USCG pronounces it PON PON .

Vor 13 Tage
Christopher U.S. Smith
Christopher U.S. Smith

+Dan Outdoors Only in Rihanna's first big hit. lol

Vor 12 Tage
Dan Outdoors
Dan Outdoors

De replay?

Vor 12 Tage
Stefan Berg
Stefan Berg

I would love to see a video showing that secret resting area for the crew on different planes ;)

Vor 14 Tage
Michael Dougfir
Michael Dougfir

This is my first viewing of any of your videos. I learned a lot, and appreciate the clarity of your instruction. I am subscribing.

Vor 14 Tage
DUSTERDUDE238
DUSTERDUDE238

Pilot to tower: Pan Pan Pan Tower: are you having engine trouble? pilot: no, a disgruntled ,little, old lady burst into the Cockpit ,claiming we were going the wrong way and pulled a fry pan out of her purse and started hitting us over the head. co- Pilot currently indisposed. . . . Tower : 8|

Vor 14 Tage
Tyler James
Tyler James

*Sparks coming out of engine* "yeah were continuing to waypoint SPRKY" lmao

Vor 14 Tage
Robbert Tromp
Robbert Tromp

Very clear

Vor 14 Tage
Cloverstorm
Cloverstorm

I'm not sure about the UK but here in the US pointing a Laser Pointer towards an aircraft is a felony

Vor 14 Tage
Firsthgyhgyhuy Lastujhujhuj
Firsthgyhgyhuy Lastujhujhuj

+J Corbett we don't have 'felony' in the UK.

Vor 3 Tage
J Corbett
J Corbett

I can confirm it is in the UK as well, so the little shit pointing the green laser in the video would have the cops knocking on their door as soon as they could determine his location.

Vor 11 Tage
Z Florentin Z
Z Florentin Z

Good content captain J. !

Vor 14 Tage
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